Salvador Dalí (Spanish, born May 11, 1904–died January 23, 1989) was a prominent Surrealist artist. Dalí spent his childhood in the Spanish villages of Figueras and Cadaques. He was influenced by Renaissance masters such as Raphaël.
Dali’s first solo exhibition was held in 1925 at the Dalmau Gallery in Barcelona. In 1929, Dali became acquainted with André Breton, a key figure of the budding Surrealist movement and collaborated with Luis Bunel on the film Un Chien Andalou, the first and most celebrated Surrealist film.
New York’s Museum of Modern Art held a retrospective exhibition of Dalí’s work in 1941. He wrote his autobiography, The Secret Life of Salvador Dalí, the following year. Dalí deviated from Surrealism in the 1950s and began painting a more classical series of 19 paintings. These works incorporated topics such as history, religion, and science. Dalí not only painted, but also collaborated with other artists in sculpture, photography, and film. Dalí’s career continued to flirt with scandal, making him one of the few modern artists known to the general public.